Introduction to Thrift¶
Thrift is a lightweight, language-independent software stack with an associated code generation mechanism for RPC. Thrift provides clean abstractions for data transport, data serialization, and application level processing. Thrift was originally developed by Facebook and now it is open sourced as an Apache project. Apache Thrift is a set of code-generation tools that allows developers to build RPC clients and servers by just defining the data types and service interfaces in a simple definition file. Given this file as an input, code is generated to build RPC clients and servers that communicate seamlessly across programming languages.
In this tutorial I will describe how Thrift works and provide a guide for build and installation steps, how to write thrift files and how to generate from those files the source code that can be used from different client libraries to communicate with the server. Thrift supports a variety of languages including C++, Java, Python, PHP, Ruby but for simplicity I will focus this tutorial on examples that include Java and Python.